Cycle II: 1st and 2nd grade - San Diego French American School
In Cycle 2, the students continue the methodical learning process of reading and writing they started to approach in kindergarten. In 1st grade, students learn to distinguish sounds and the signs that represent them in writing. They also learn how to read by decoding phonetic and morphemic structures, and, later, acquire skills necessary to understand texts. They reinforce and improve those skills throughout the 2nd grade by reading and writing text supported by exposure to a wide variety of children's literature. They start to develop a love of books and the habit of reading for pleasure in both French and English.
Students develop the skills needed to read in both languages in 1st and 2nd grade. In accordance with a dual-immersion model for language learning, students are exposed to the French language for 18 hours per week, and the English language for seven hours per week. Above all, an emphasis on developing a lifelong love of reading is emphasized.
The interaction between reading and writing activities gives students the skills needed to understand the different functions of texts (expression, communication and memorization).
Students begin to understand and learn the parts and functions of language to improve speech, reading and writing.
Oral language activities such as asking questions, describing, explaining and sharing information play an important role in the learning process. Teachers promote student interactions as much as possible with respect to academics activities.
Our mathematics program is predicated on utilizing various approaches to instruction that cater to the multiple and varied learning styles of our students. As students acquire their necessary foundation of skills, more difficult material is presented according to each individual student's preferred pace of learning. The mathematics program is taught in French, but mathematical vocabulary is taught in English and learning is supported by the American teacher. Students learn four major topics within the mathematics program at this age: numbers and arithmetic (decimal numeration up to 1000, memorizing addition and multiplication tables by 2, 3, 4 and 5, techniques for addition and subtraction, etc.) geometry (position and location, recognition and describing planes and solids, use of instruments, techniques to reproduce or draw plane figures and specific vocabulary) size and measurement (common units of length, weight, capacity, time, and money) and organization and management of data (gradually use of common charts: tables, graphs).
Students access knowledge more easily using their skills in reading and mathematics. They acquire references in time and place, gain knowledge about the world and master specific corresponding vocabulary. They go beyond their initial perceptions by observation and manipulation.
Students learn manners and socialization. They gradually become more responsible and independent.
The students' artistic sensibilities and expressions are developed by art activities and cultural references linked to the history of art. They also learn how to use precise vocabulary that allows them to express what they feel, their emotions, their preferences and their tastes.
Physical education aims to develop motor skills and offers a first initiation into physical, sports and artistic activities. These activities fulfill the basic human need for physical activity while encouraging effort and perseverance. Students learn to know themselves and others better and also learn to maintain good health. Activities are organized over the two years of the cycle and utilize local resources.
In 1st and 2nd grades, students start to use computer and information technology. They begin to acquire knowledge of the digital environment.