What is SEL? “Social and emotional learning (SEL) is the process through which children and adults understand and manage emotions, set and achieve positive goals, feel and show empathy for others, establish and maintain positive relationships, and make responsible decisions.” (Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning). Much school research over the past decades (and more and more in this era of smart devices) has yielded knowledge that effective SEL approaches in classrooms, at recess and school-wide:
These objectives are in perfect alignment with our mission which is to create a learning environment in which students develop into confident, responsible and engaged global citizens.
Why have we implemented a school-wide SEL program at SDFAS? In order to be successful in and out of school, students need to learn a set of social and emotional competencies – cooperation, assertiveness, responsibility, empathy, and self-control — and a set of academic competencies – academic mindset, perseverance, learning strategies, and academic behaviors. We have chosen to implement a school-wide SEL program because it came out as a major recommendation in our recent Spring, 2018 California Association of Independent School’s re-accreditation report. That report was based on a two year process of self-reflection via a thorough self-study of the school submitted to CAIS and then a comprehensive site visit with observations and interviews, these to determine the next areas for school improvement. In addition, we heard from parent and teacher focus groups last year during our Strategic Planning process that SEL was a priority for many families in our SDFAS community.
Why did we choose Responsive Classroom? During the 2018-2019 school year, a Task Force was charged to inventory the various SEL practices and routines in place in the school, carefully research various well-known SEL programs and propose to the Head of School a program of choice based on very specific key criteria. We knew we wanted to implement a school-wide program taking an integrated approach to SEL whereby it is actually interwoven into the fabric of teacher practices and the academic curriculum. We did not want a series of 32 “one-off” lessons to be done once a week and forced upon the teachers and the children. We wanted to choose a program that could work within the context of a bilingual multicultural school. Responsive Classroom emerged as the clear choice as some of our peer schools are also using the program and had very positive things to say about it.
What is Responsive Classroom ? Responsive Classroom is a school-wide SEL approach which will be shaping the culture and climate at SDFAS through:
Responsive Classroom represents a cultural shift for teachers in how they approach the school and teaching and learning environment. It is an approach that has high expectations for both teachers and students (and administrators) while always simultaneously valuing respect and the dignity of every individual. It is an approach which has shared and consistent practices across classrooms and grade levels and within the school overall. It is an approach to SEL skill building, student-centered teaching and thoughtful response to student behavior, good and bad. Responsive classroom involves certain rituals and routines (co-creation of yearly class guidelines, morning meeting, class “energizers”, “zen zone”, interactive learning structures, closing circle) as well as a concrete method or approach to teaching. Responsive Classroom is being implemented, gradually, a little bit at a time, one step at a time across all school divisions. We work to integrate the approach into our school wide practices. The entire faculty, administration and staff have been trained and Responsive Classroom is already making a difference in our class and school-wide culture. That said, it will take a year or two or three of hard work on the part of all adults in the building before we can truly declare ourselves a “Responsive Classroom” school.
As an example of Responsive Classroom in action, at the beginning of last year during Middle School advisory time, all students and Middle School faculty, including all 5th grade students and their teachers gathered for a Town Hall meeting in the auditorium for a carefully structured, highly interactive, student-voice driven group experience investigating one of our core school values and cherished principles of Responsive Classroom – Empathy.